©2016 - A Metaphysical Thesis by - Jack McNally
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The Phenomenon of Existence

Before a thing can change or be changed, act or be acted upon, it must exist. This simple, self-evident axiom means change is derived from (is a "function of") the phenomenon of being and existence is the source of cause and effect, not the result of it. It also implies every hypothesis of creation is contrary to logic.

With 'Creation Ex Nihilo' ruled out, only the prospect of 'Existence Ex Nihilo' remains. Existence is more fundamental than change and change is governed by basic laws of nature called principles. This implies the enigma of being must be resolved by a principle, not a process

This thesis is dedicated to those who wish to explore the phenomenon of 'Existence Ex Nihilo'.

The Nature of the Cosmos

How was the cosmos created? When did it begin?

It wasn't. It didn't. The questions are falsely premised.

Like Newton, Einstein originally believed the cosmos was static, eternal, isotropic and homogeneous (not so sure about infinite), and he accounted for the misbehavior of observed phenomena with a reverse engineered factor, a cosmological constant. When Hubble's spectral redshift in light from distant galaxies implied an expanding Universe, Einstein initially contested the assertion because the effect of gravitational lensing explained the observation. Light passing through a field of gravity loses some energy, and since its velocity is constant, the loss has to come from a redshift of the wavelength.

Forget stars, planets, moons, comets and astroids, how many mass-laden ambient particles would a beam of light encounter in a multi-billion light year trek? We don't have the ability to study how the subtle nuances of nature might affect the properties of light traversing vast distances over billions of years. Empirically there are few research facilities of sufficient dimension and fewer scientists of sufficient longevity to engage in such a monumental endeavor. Gravitational redshift was ultimately confirmed by the Pound-Rebka experiment. Cosmological expansion was and still is hypothetical, invoking reverse engineered phantoms of dark energy and dark matter to bolster its specious validity.

Unfortunately, Big Bang provided so much fodder for publish-or-perish scholars, Einstein ultimately relented and the cosmos became perceived as the finite creation of an ancient event. Einstein's cosmological constant wasn't hia biggest mistake, succumbing to cosmic expansion theory was.

Either the phenomenon of existence is the result of cause and effect or it is not.

"It is" implies Creation ex Nihilo

Conventional wisdom has concluded that the Universe must have come from somewhere, and the premise it was ushered into existence by some primordial nascent event appeals seductively to human intuition. Many secular models suggest it all began about fourteen billion years ago while most religious scholars depict a much more recent event. Both versions of 'creation' are contrary to logic - demonstrably so.

To create something is to cause it to exist, so creation is simply another term for the process of cause and effect. If we require everything that exists to be the result of creation and stipulate nothing existed prior to that process, then space, itself, must once have been absent until some ancient incipient event precipitated the manifestation of the cosmos and its sea of inhabitants. Any causative progenitor must be ruled out as it would either violate the second requisite of the premise or require such a creator to be the descendant of an even earlier predecessor similarly predated by an eternal procession of ancestry. This never ending chicken-and-the-egg redundancy which inevitably results from any causative approach to the enigma of existence either implies no logical beginning or the involvement of some inexplicably spontaneous source not derived from causation - a source which would not only violate the first requisite but would also render the entire premise of cosmic genesis totally invalid, for if anything can exist without creation, why couldn't everything else?

Click to start/stop

Whenever the tenets of logic invalidate your argument, you should try to avoid them entirely, so there are those who would suggest whatever created the cosmos wasn't subject to logic or the laws of nature. Theologians profess an omnipotent deity created the heavens and the Earth in a miraculous act of divine inspiration. Many (not all) contemporary cosmologists contend the progressive red-shift of light from distant galaxies is proof a Big Bang Cosmos is still spewing from the bowels of some spontaneously spawned singularity in a process not governed by the canons of physics as we know them today. But even those relatively few reticent cosmologists who don't tout Big Bang as the absolute beginning of space and time don't actually refute the premise of creation, they simply avoid the issue entirely, declining any effort to reconcile the phenomenon of existence with the principles of logic.

Once logic and the laws of nature are repealed anything is possible, even the absurd; and if we permit even one exception to those laws, why should we expect the rest of the Universe to abide by them? You may certainly choose to suspend rationality in favor of whichever belief system you might wish to embrace, but thereafter and forevermore don't try to profess your argument is derived from critical thinking.

Either the phenomenon of existence is the result of cause and effect or it is not.

"It is not" implies Existence ex Nihilo

So, why does something exist rather than nothing?

Basic principle: Before a thing can change or be changed, act or be acted upon, it must exist.

It's a rather simple, self-evident axiom. At first you might consider the premise to be rather obvious and inconsequential, but its deeper significance categorically refutes both the ancient mythology of Genesis and the contemporary mathology of those "Science Channel" cosmologists who tout Big Bang as the absolute beginning of all space and time.

Existence isn't a condition or a state of being, it is the very phenomenon of being, itself. Something must be in order to have a state of being and if being is necessary in order for change to occur, then cause and effect is derived from and thus subordinate to the more fundamental phenomenon of existence. No phenomenon can be the product of its own subordinate derivative.

Existence is the source of cause and effect, not the result of it.

Change is a function of existence

It certainly doesn't take an Einstein or a Hawking to recognize the obvious, all it takes is an unbiased perspective; thinking neither outside the box nor inside the box, but eliminating the box entirely. This isn't exactly rocket science; it requires no esoteric equations, no orbiting telescopes or expensive particle accelerators; you don't need a degree in mathematics, physics or cosmology, or even a high school education to understand it, but in the publish-or-perish ivory tower of academia, hypotheses featuring multiverses, extra dimensions and cosmic expansion into entropy death are where the real money is (with some strings attached). Beautiful equations can describe fantasy as easily as fact, but without the capacity to parse differentials with any degree of integrity, no lowly layman would dare debate the sanity of such sophisticated scholarly branes.

If we examine the nature of change, one simple prevailing dynamic emerges; a ubiquitous paradigm found at the heart of every equation, a familiar axiom universally known and accepted. Sadly, the significance of this principle has been ignored since the inception of scientific inquiry and, ironically, it remains concealed, hidden in plain sight.

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